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The Estonian Institute of Historical Memory is holding an international design competition to find the best designs for an international museum of the crimes of communism, which is to be established in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. The objective of the design competition is to find a contemporary, attractive and visitor-friendly design for the museum’s architecture, exposition and interior. This museum is one of a kind in the world. The plan is to establish it on the shore of the Gulf of Finland right in Tallinn’s city centre in the Patarei complex, which is under cultural heritage protection.
The international museum of the crimes of communism and academic research centre is an initiative headed by the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory and supported by the government of the Republic of Estonia. The idea of establishing a museum in Patarei Prison was first proposed in 1989 in the sociological working group of the Eesti Kultuurifond (Estonian Cultural Foundation). The Museum of the Red Terror was suggested as one possibility for the name of the museum.
The initiative for establishing the museum and a research centre operating in association with the museum was made public on 23 August 2017 at the international conference held in Tallinn on the Europe-wide day of remembrance for the victims of totalitarian and authoritarian regimes. The representatives of eight European countries adopted a joint resolution at the conference for the establishment of an international institution for researching the crimes of communism. It was also decided in the resolution to convene a corresponding team of experts.
Since 1998, the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory and its predecessor has researched the international crimes and violations of human rights committed in Estonia by regimes hostile to mankind, along with the totalitarian ideologies that have generated such regimes. Through the results of its research and its publicity work, the Institute also supports the rejection of regimes hostile to mankind in the 21st century as well, and actively participates in educational and publicity work.