The 2021: Bicentennial Projects initiative, in association with the Ministry of Culture and the Municipality of Lima, announce the launch of an open international competition for the design of a public park in the Sanctuary of Pachacamac, south of Lima.
The competition is an invitation to reflect on the relationship that Lima should have with its archaeological heritage and arid landscape. Specifically, the park’s design should give greater cohesion and connectivity to recent projects in the area; namely, the National Museum (MUNA), the Pachacamac Site Museum, and the Urpi Wachaq initiative for the recovery of wetlands. It should also act as a buffer, not only protecting the archaeological complex from future land invasions, but also offering services, cultural programs and recreational areas to local and metropolitan populations. A park of this scale will therefore help consolidate the Pachacamac Sanctuary as one of the most important heritage sites in Peru as well as a key precedent for landscape design in Lima.
The Pachacamac Master Plan —a document sponsored by UNESCO and the COPESCO National Plan— was approved by an executive order in 2014. This document calls for the design of a linear park along the perimeter of the archaeological site; it also underscores the need for “appropriation, identification and valuation of the Sanctuary by nearby and faraway communities.”1 In other words, the park should not only protect the Sanctuary but also ensure its proper integration to the city. The competition therefore encourages participants to consider the cultural, ecological and social complexities of the site to achieve such integration.