Last March, Ai made an appearance on TED2011 via a secretly recorded video that shed light on his activist-based art and how far the Chinese government has gone in blocking information and communication. On April 3, police seized and detained him at Beijing’s airport; the Chinese government has since acknowledged it is holding him on “economic crimes”.
The artist is best known for his collaboration with Herzog & deMeuron on the famed Bird’s Nest, the iconic Olympic stadium that seemed poised to become a powerful symbol for China’s new economic and cultural role on the world stage. More recently, he has gained acclaim for Sunflower Seeds, a massive installation now on view at the Tate Modern in London (the exhibition closes on May 2). To make some 100-million ceramic seeds, Ai worked with a small town of Chinese porcelain makers – hundreds of artisans working full-time over several months to handcraft each individual shell. The seeds now fill the entire gallery floor.
Protests and petitions calling for Ai Weiwei’s immediate release have been swift and varied. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation in New York launched an online petition that’s been endorsed by directors at the MoMA in New York and Tate Modern in London, along with such celebrated artists as Yoko Ono.
In London over the weekend, supporters were out in force, handing out flyers to gallery goers outside the Tate Modern. A giant sign that reads Release Ai Weiwei, now hangs on one of the museum’s exterior walls. In Hong Kong, a march was held on Sunday, and a group of artists here in Toronto is planning to send sunflower seeds to Prime Minister Stephen Harper and the Chinese embassy in Ottawa to put pressure on China. Friends for the artist have also set up freeaiweiwei.org, to help drum up support and provide updates from news sources.
International pressure, however, hasn’t helped release other critics who have found themselves imprisoned for speaking out against China’s one-party government. In recent years, dozens of high-profile Chinese activists who have gained recognition in the Western world – including lawyers, writers and bloggers – have ended up in prison for their subversive actions. Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiabo, as just one example, has been detained since 2009 and without any outside contact for the past six months. In Ai’s case, instead of heeding calls for the artist’s release, the Chinese government has been quiet. This week, Ai’s driver, Zhang Jingsong, and his accountant, Ms Hu, have also been detained.