“I like projects that are difficult or contradictory or that have big constraints,” architect Gianni Botsford says when I meet him outside his so-called House in a Garden, recently completed in London’s Notting Hill. The residence in question arguably fulfills all of those criteria: It’s a pavilion with a sinuous copper-clad roof and
Botsford could be described as an expert in tight backland sites, having also completed 2005’s Light House, an
The two-bedroom House in a Garden replaces a dilapidated and anonymous 1960s bungalow that was built in what was once the villa’s garden. When its freehold came up for sale in 2007, Botsford bought it with a contractor friend and got planning permission for the project before selling it to the current owner.
“Our initial approach was a camouflaged house with green roofs and plants and courtyards,” Botsford recalls. City planners, however, wanted a project that contributed more dynamically to the area. He and his team consequently came up with the idea of a garden pavilion crowned by a tented copper roof, earning a more enthusiastic reaction from the planning department.
One of the project’s greatest challenges – and one that Botsford was acutely aware of given that he lived above the site – was the lack of light. To address it, he did a lot of work analyzing the
Two light wells bring daylight and greenery (courtesy of walls draped in wisteria, vines and silver-veined creepers) down to the first subterranean floor; skylights do the job for the level below it. Light radiates off the surrounding glass and walls on these two lower storeys, sometimes aided by the clever use of reflective surfaces and carved marble. By the second basement level, the daylight is very suffused, but ample enough to ensure that occupants still feel connected to what’s happening outside.
The project’s most visible and important element, both internally and externally, is undoubtedly the roof, which is clad in sweeping sheets of deep brown copper (it will only turn green in about 50 years, says Botsford) and shaped to provide maximum privacy and light for both its inhabitants and its
Although the structure looks like it has been digitally generated, it was actually developed via digital and manual processes, then fabricated by hand in a workshop in northern Italy and transported to the U.K. in eight sections. If you look at it closely, you will notice that it is also somewhat off-centre and askew. “We thought a lot about not rationalizing it too much,” Botsford explains, pointing out how it twists in three different directions. “It could easily have been made symmetrical, but it would have lost this organic character that it has.”
Inside the house, the material palette is restrained but subtly audacious. Carrara marble was used for the outdoor terraces and sunken courtyard gardens as well as the wet areas (the pool, the bathrooms, a steam room), while the bedrooms and living spaces are lined with long, beautifully grained Douglas fir planks whose joins are almost impossible to discern.
The custom kitchen, meanwhile, is clad in shimmering copper coated to prevent marking, while storage and service units, as well as the lower staircase, are made out of stainless steel. Perhaps surprisingly, the floating double-sided wardrobe and TV-fireplace unit in the master bedroom
The opulence of all these materials is offset by the lightness of two suspended staircases that appear almost to float off the walls, while the diminutive outdoor spaces filled with greenery by Todd Longstaffe-Gowan bring the outside indoors and, on the ground floor, encourage views upward through the living room windows.
The result is transporting: When you are in or around the house, you are completely unaware of the surrounding buildings. “The focus,” says Botsford, “is all on looking east and west, through the gardens into the sky.” In other words, the House in a Garden may sit on a tight and shadowy site, but it feels very much like an oasis in the city. giannibotsford.com
Capped by a dramatic copper roof, the multi-level house on the site of a former London garden offers sanctuary and serenity in the bustling city.